[Episcopal News Service, by Lynette Wilson] The United States was a worldwide leader in refugee resettlement just two years ago, when more than 80,000 refugees were welcomed into the country with help from the nine agencies with federal contracts to do that work, including Episcopal Migration Ministries. That number has dwindled under the Trump administration, which announced on Monday (17 September) that it would reduce resettlement further, to just 30,000 a year.
The US-based Episcopal Church has a long history of standing with refugees, people who are fleeing violence, war and political and religious persecution, and yesterday (Tuesday) the church expressed its disappointment at the reduced cap on the number of refugees.
“As followers of Jesus Christ, we are saddened by this decision,” Presiding Bishop Michael Curry said in a written statement. “Our hearts and our prayers are with those thousands of refugees who, due to this decision, will not be able to find new life in the US. This decision by the government does not reflect the care and compassion of Americans who welcome refugees in their communities every day. Our faith calls us to love God and love our neighbour, so we stand ready to help all those we can in any way we can.”
The current ceiling for refugee resettlement is 45,000 for the fiscal year ending 30 September, but so far, fewer than half of that, just 20,918, have been admitted. In Monday’s announcement, the US Department of State announced that the US would reduce the ceiling to 30,000 for the fiscal year beginning 1 October, the lowest level since the resettlement program was created in the 1980s.
“It’s a disheartening week in the life of our country. The administration’s announcement that we will only be receiving up to 30,000, down from 85,000 just two years ago, refugees is particularly sad given that refugees are indeed the most highly vetted group of people in our country and, therefore, pose little threat to our security and our way of life,” said Charles Robertson, Canon to the Presiding Bishop for Ministry Beyond the Episcopal Church, who oversees Episcopal Migration Ministries.
“Even this 30,000 number is a ceiling, not a target. Refugees are indeed the most highly vetted group of people in our country and, therefore, pose little threat to our security and our way of life.”
Today, there are 25.4 million refugees worldwide, according to UNHCR, whose mandate is to provide international protection for refugees.
UNHCR’s primary focus is on repatriation, or safe return home. When that is not possible, the agency helps refugees pursue citizenship or legal residency in the host country. The third option is resettlement to one of the more than 40 countries worldwide that accept refugees. Globally, less than one per cent of refugees receive resettlement. Historically, the US had led the world in welcoming refugees.
The US formalised its refugee-resettlement program with the Refugee Act of 1980 in response to the increased numbers of refugees fleeing communism in south-east Asia. Until then, churches sponsored refugees’ visas; but by the mid-1970s, that process was insufficient to meet the need.
The Episcopal Church’s involvement in refugee resettlement dates back at least to World War II, when churches sponsored refugees fleeing Nazi oppression. Beginning with the Presiding Bishop’s Fund for World Relief (now Episcopal Relief & Development) and later partnering with Church World Service, the Episcopal Church established Episcopal Migration Ministries in 1988.
EMM has resettled more than 90,000 refugees over the last 30 years. Previously, EMM had operated 31 resettlement affiliates in 26 dioceses, providing direct assistance to recent arrivals. More recently, the number has decreased to 14 affiliates in 12 dioceses, though EMM still plans to resettle 1,527 individuals in the current fiscal year.
The US resettlement program’s goal is to help refugees establish new lives and become self-sufficient. Toward that goal, EMM partners affiliates, churches, government and nongovernmental organisations to provide services to refugee families upon their arrival in the United States. Such vital services include: English language and cultural orientation classes, employment services, school enrolment and initial assistance with housing and transportation.
EMM is one of nine agencies partnered with the US State Department to welcome and resettle refugees. Six of the government’s resettlement partners are faith-based; the program has historically, for the most part, enjoyed bipartisan support.
“As long as the EMM remains a government partner, we will continue to resettle refugees, and, in any case, we will continue to provide services to refugees,” said Robertson.
The US Constitution guarantees religious freedom, and refugee resettlement allows those who would come to the US to live in safety and to practice their religion without persecution, said Rebecca Linder Blachly, director of the Episcopal Church’s Washington DC-based Office of Government Relations.
“As a church, we have a particular interest in ensuring the freedom of religion for all people worldwide. This administration has spoken repeatedly about the importance of religious freedom, but we are seeing them step back from one of the most powerful ways that we can protect those who are persecuted or threatened because of their religious beliefs,” said Blachly. “As a nation, we have historically offered protection to those who are not safe in their countries. This dramatic reduction in the number of refugees – and systematic dismantlement of this successful program – will have grave humanitarian consequences.”
President Donald Trump made curbing immigration a centrepiece of his election campaign, and his White House’s reductions to the nation’s refugee resettlement program show an interest in limiting more than just illegal immigration. The president determines the number of refugees allowed entry into the United States; for months administration officials have pushed for further decreasing the number of refugees admitted.
“Slashing the refugee resettlement admissions number to a historic low is tied to this administration’s efforts to clamp down on legal immigration,” said Lacy Broemel, the church’s refugee and immigration policy adviser. “This effort is having grave impacts on families and vulnerable persons. We urge members of Congress to do all they can to maintain or resettlement system, protections for asylum seekers, and compassionate solutions for all immigrants.”